Humanity is reaching a turning point on climate change

A climate summit of world leaders in 40 days’ time will be the “turning point for humanity”, Boris Johnson has said in a speech to the United Nations.

He warned that global temperature rises were already inevitable, but called on his fellow leaders to commit to major changes to curb further warming.

Countries must take responsibility for “the destruction we are inflicting, not just upon our planet but ourselves”, he said ahead of COP26 in Glasgow.

“It’s time for humanity to grow up.”

The prime minister also said it was time to listen to the warnings of scientists, adding: “Look at Covid if you want an example of gloomy scientists being proved right.”

Setting the tone for November’s summit, he said countries must make “substantial changes” by the end of the decade if the world is to stave off further temperature rises.

“I passionately believe that we can do it by making commitments in four areas – coal, cars, cash and trees,” he said.

Mr Johnson praised China’s President Xi Jinping for his recent pledge to stop building new coal-fire energy plants abroad.

But he called on the country – which produces 28% of global greenhouse gas emissions – to go further and end its domestic use of coal, saying the UK was proof that it could be done.

The UK used coal to generate 25% of its electricity five years ago – but that is now down to 2%. Mr Johnson said it would be “gone altogether” by 2024.

The prime minister also said he did not see a conflict between the green movement and capitalism, saying that: “The whole experience of the Covid pandemic is that the way to fix the problem is through science and innovation, the breakthroughs and the investment that are made possible by capitalism and by free markets.”

“We have the tools for a green industrial revolution but time is desperately short,” he added.

Elsewhere, the prime minister made a series of calls for action to his fellow leaders, including:

to allow only zero-emission vehicles to be on sale across the world by 2040
for every country to cut carbon emissions by 68% by 2030, compared to levels in 1990
to pledge collectively to achieve carbon neutrality – or net zero – by the middle of the century
to end the use of coal power in the developing world by 2040 and in the developed world by 2030
to halt and reverse the loss of trees and biodiversity by 2030.
Amid the serious warnings, Mr Johnson also attempted to strike a humorous note at points, including saying Kermit the Frog had been wrong when he sang It’s Not Easy Bein’ Green.

<<BBC>>